Saffron

Saffron is the most valuable spice. Iran can be considered as the cradle of the world’s saffron.

 Almost 90 percent of the world’s saffron is produced in Iran.

saffron in Iran goes back 3000 years and still has its own power. Saffron is known as the red gold of desert because its origin is Iran’s deserts, Iran is the origin of its name 

 

Types of saffron

Negin

Negin Poushal” saffron is actually a special type of Poushal in which thick strands of red stigma is separated from other strands without any style and bulky saffron is produced. “Poushal Negin” saffron is finest and most precious type of saffron and has highest overall color (230 to 270 units). Production of this saffron type has descending trends among different years because of its costly and time consuming procedure. In some cases this type of saffron is called “Super Negin.

Sargol (All red)

Sargol saffron in fact is the saffron concept on the mind of most of people. In this type, style is removed completely and separated red stigma form pure saffron. So, Sargol is all-red type saffron. In some cases, “Poushal” also is known as “Sargol”. In this case saffron is divided into two types of “Negin Sargol” and “Momtaz Sargol”. Negin is refer to excellent and Momtaz is refer to prefer types. Negin Sargol is the same as mentioned Sargol saffron and the Momtaz contains some part of yellow style. overall color of Sargol saffron is between 210 to 260 units.

Poushal

Poushal Saffron consist of red stigma with 1 to 3 mm of yellow style. In comparison with the Dasteh , “Poushal” has more relative content of stigma. So Poushal saffron has more overall color which is between 170 to 250 units based on its quality. Attaching stigma to the style and reducing the likelihood of counterfeit, causes some people have more trust to this type of saffron.

Saffron strands grade 1, 2 and 3 are Poushal types.

Dasteh Saffron

Dasteh saffron is the main and basic saffron types and is achieved by putting all part of saffron strands over each other and drying them. Normally length of style is about 3 to 5 mm and the stigma can be shorter or longer which determines the product quality. Embedding strands over each other can be one-way or two-way. In one-way embedding, similar parts should be on each other (style on the style and stigma on the stigma). In two-way embedding, styles should be on the middle and stigma on both sides. The second form is more attractive because only red parts (stigma) will be seen in both sides. Classification of saffron strands usually is done by women.

The right part of the image on the top of the page is the “Dasteh” saffron. Dasteh saffron is saffron strands grade 4. Overall color of this saffron type is between 120 to n150 units.

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